Theory in practice
Nanotechnology is about researching and creating new products based on extremely small structures. The word “nano” is derived from Greek and means “dwarf”. One nanometer (nm. = Billionths of a meter) is a millionth of a millimeter and corresponds to about one-ten thousandth of the thickness of a human hair. You can place four to six atoms next to each other on this section. Through the extensive development of the structure of materials at the atomic level, as well as the use of specific phenomena that occur on this small scale, great opportunities are opened in many areas such as energy, technology and the environment, in many branches of economic techniques, medicine, pharmacy, etc. At the atomic level, there are no boundaries between chemistry, biology and physics, and this creates new opportunities in many industries.
The nano element is in the size of the ball comparing to the Earth.
In the atomic range, we gain the quantum level (quantum: as the particles of the acquired energy units of the physical field). Quantum mechanics (mechanics that take into account the quantum energy structure) is used in ultra-thin coatings. It does not matter whether in the household, automotive industry, aerospace technology, plastics / materials, the computer industry. Nano molecules refine any structure. In this way, greater resistance to interactions with other substances is obtained, which in practice can result in the resistance of the fabric to staining. The materials are more resistant to tearing or scratching, provide long-lasting protection against rust, exceptional slip properties, etc.
If we supplement unorganized particles in the material, then we are talking about forming a place for an atom. By controlling the ordering of the structure and its adherence, we obtain completely new material properties. Nanotechnology forces particles, through electricity or magnetism, to self-ordering. In this case, nature itself gives the best example: cells and their functioning. The goal of nanotechnology is to self-organize particles. These molecules should even produce themselves, which was already achieved by the Japanese scientists. Production processes will be easier, cheaper and environmentally friendly.
Nanotechnology will be more and more present, creating new potentials on the market for the next decades. According to the scientists and media, nanotechnology is described as the solution of the 21st century. Studies in the form of cooperation projects between public research centers and industry representatives are supported in a wide range. There are already special giant research centers that are distinguished by the specialization in the application of nanotechnology. These offices also have branches in large enterprises, universities, research institutes, chambers of commerce, etc.
All Nano particles consist mostly of such materials: diamond, ceramics, silver, glass. These materials are created according to the nano-forming surface. The carrier material consists of water or alcohol. “Nano structures” are formed into a self-organizing environment. On the sealed / protected surface, the nano-grid remains in order, when the water and alcohol are completely volatilized.